What Has Hindered the Implementation of 2254?
It has been nearly five and a half years since the adoption of UNSC Resolution 2254 providing for a solution to the Syrian crisis. At that time, the resolution was adopted unanimously by the members of the UN Security Council, though it has yet to be implemented.
It is no secret to all Syrians that the extremists from the Syrian sides spared no effort in impeding the implementation of the resolution, and in impeding any step towards real dialogue and a real solution. All along, the extremists’ selfish and narrow interests were their compass in all their movements and positions.
Nevertheless, and because the Syrian crisis entered the phase of internationalization many years ago, the Syrian extremists themselves have not been able to disrupt the solution all these years except on the basis of the intersection of interests between them and international and regional powers, in particular: Western powers.
The resolution, which was adopted unanimously at the end of 2015, contained in its text frank and clear language about the right of the Syrian people to self-determination, and about a Syrian-led and Syrian-owned political process facilitated by the UN. However, facts have proven that the reason for the unanimity about the resolution is that there are basically two completely contradictory ways of understanding it and understanding how it is to be implemented.
On the West’s side, what has always been required was to make cosmetic changes that do not affect the essence of the existing system, with its economic dependent relationship with the West, and its backwardness, corruption, and weakness. This requires that the political solution be an act presented to Syrians, and not representing them.
Concrete evidence of the colonialist arrogant mentality of the West, and Washington in particular, are almost infinite. When it comes to the Syrian issue, it may suffice to recall Tillerson’s and Pompeo’s non-papers, which were attempts to confiscate Syrians’ will by presenting a ready-made design for a future Syria that suits Western interests.
On the other side, the Russian-Chinese way of understanding the resolution stems from the interest of these economically rising powers in achieving stability and calm in a country that is almost bordering them, and is an essential part without which major development projects (the Belt, the Road, and the Eurasian) cannot be completed. The search for stability necessarily requires grounding external interference on the one hand, but on the other hand, opening the door to enable Syrians to truly determine their own destiny, because that is the only guarantee of real stability, contrary to Western logic, which always sees the possibility of “creative chaos” as a positive possibility, so long that chaos is “inside the enemy’s territories”.
Within this understanding, and based on the fact that the international balance of power continues to move against US interests, it can be said that one of the expected outcomes of the Putin-Biden summit on the 16th of this month is to agree on the form and mechanism for implementing Resolution 2254, because resolving this issue is necessary to move forward. This would also be necessary to break the will of the war lords and the extremists on all sides.